排放交易系统初衷难现 污染大佬坐收渔利乐开怀 – 中国国际能源舆情研究中心

排放交易系统初衷难现 污染大佬坐收渔利乐开怀

【TheGuardian网11月10日报道】欧盟刚在联合国波恩气候变化大会上称其具有“气候领导力”,继而却又同意在布鲁塞尔延长其碳排放交易系统。2021-2030年,预计大型污染企业可获碳排放交易相关补贴高达2000亿英磅,其受益力度将远大于气候本身。与此同时,英国财政大臣菲利普•哈蒙德表示,因柴油发动机污染严重将停止对冷藏车第二引擎进行柴油补贴。

Emissions trading and refrigerated truck engines under scrutiny

While the EU is extolling its “climate leadership” at the UN climate talks in Bonn, in Brussels it has just agreed to prolong its emissions trading system – providing big polluters with billions of euros in subsidies.

Some EU member states could use a sizable chunk of these funds to carry on burning fossil fuels, with Poland, for instance, looking to prolong the lifespan of its ageing coal infrastructure. Using emissions trading revenues to extend the life of coal-fired power plants is extremely irresponsible and works directly against efforts to halt catastrophic climate change.

But coal financing is just the tip of the iceberg. Emissions trading-linked subsidies to big polluters could reach close to €200bn between 2021 and 2030. The largest share of this figure represents free pollution permits handed out to steel and cement producers, helping them to delay the transition away from fossil fuel dependency.

Emissions trading benefits big polluters far more than it does the climate. With the conclusion of the negotiations between the EU commission, parliament and council, the EU has shown that it remains a long way from taking responsibility for its fair share of global climate action.

Chancellor Philip Hammond has a chance to use his autumn budget, on 22 November, to help tackle Britain’s toxic air crisis. Despite calls for change, the Treasury continues to subsidise certain highly polluting diesel engines, allowing them to burn red diesel. One example of this outdated subsidy supports the second engines that cold delivery trucks often have. Main diesel engines, used to propel the truck, are subject to increasingly tough Euro emission standards.

But second engines, used to keep the back compartment cold while transporting food, are extremely weakly regulated, enabling them to emit six times as much nitrogen oxide and 29 times as much particulate matter as the main engine.

But the Treasury subsidises the diesel for these second engines by £126m a year. The chancellor was right to announce a consultation into red diesel use earlier this year, and he must now end the diesel subsidies for a delivery truck’s second engine. Especially when zero-emission engines are affordably available on the market and could make an immediate positive impact on the air we breathe across the UK.

( 译者:耿千千 )

分享到
更多